Liberty PHIL 201 Quiz 4 Answers Complete Solutions
Explain the logical problem with W. K. Clifford’s belief that “It is wrong always, everywhere and for anyone, to believe anything upon insufficient evidence.”
Which of the following is not one of Aristotle’s virtues mentioned by Dew & Foreman?
When we consider the way that our beliefs relate to each other, we are making a reference to
According to Kant, belief in God’s existence is a claim of metaphysical knowledge, and while he thinks we cannot have knowledge of such metaphysical claims, he, nevertheless, believes we have good reasons to believe in the existence of God because
Virtue epistemology generally focuses on being intellectually virtuous as opposed to being absolutely certain.
Your noetic structure concerns only those beliefs that are actually true.
By “high accessibility requirements” the internalist means:
The view in which the basing relationship between beliefs is deductive:
Rene Descartes was a:
According to externalism one must be aware of whether his cognitive processes are functioning properly or not.
Coherentism holds that some beliefs are more foundational than others.
Humility helps us fight against intellectual vices like pride and vanity that keep us from seeing the truth.
Carefulness is an intellectual virtue that helps us:
For Aristotle, the “Golden Mean” points to fixed and universal ethical norms for all people to follow.
The intellectual virtue of humility can be described as the mean between:
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Which is not one of the ways that Wood says moral and intellectual virtues parallel each other?
When the used car salesman tells Steve that the particular car he is considering purchasing has less than fifteen thousand actual miles on it, Steve is, quite naturally, a bit skeptical about this claim, particularly since the car is over ten years old and looks a little worse for wear. In exhibiting this level of doubt, Steve is expressing:
When Descartes employs systematic doubt against the beliefs he holds, he discovers that:
According to Dew and Foreman, most rational people believe that it is extremely rarely for our senses to mislead us.
Which of the following is NOT commonly given by philosophers as a reason for adopting some form of skepticism:
To say that it is impossible to have knowledge is itself a claim to knowledge, and is for that reason a selfdefeating assertion.
Coherentism in epistemology is a position which holds that a particular belief is justified for a person so long as that belief is consistent with everything else that person holds to be true.
Those holding to some form of externalism in rationality tend to argue that, since it is impossible for persons to have any cognitive access to the reasons and evidence that support some of a person’s beliefs, internalists cannot be right with respect to their account of justification for all beliefs.
Suppose a person is deeply concerned about whether her belief in God is rational. In order to make this determination, she reflects on the kind of evidence she thinks she has for God’s existence (e.g., the apparent design and beauty of the universe, the existence of other sentient beings, the almost universal acceptance of some degree of objective morality, etc.). In light of her awareness of, and access to, this potential evidence, she would be considered: